Singapore's Finance Minister Tharman Shanmugaratnam announced in the 2015 budget that personal income tax in the highest bracket, above S$320,000 (US$235,000) will increase from 20% to 22%, for income earned in 2016.
Singapore's low income tax is widely seen as a factor in helping it to become a major financial centre, but proposed universal health coverage is expected to push up spending by up to 44% between now and 2020, according to the Financial Times.
Individuals will receive a 50% rebate on the tax they pay this year on 2014 income, with a cap of S$1,000, Reuters said.
In Hong Kong, personal tax has been reduced by as much as HK$20,000 (US$2,600), with extra allowances for the lowest paid for the elderly, and with some tourism fees on travel agencies, hotels, guesthouses, restaurants and food stalls waived for six months, Associated Press said.
Taxes on business profit have also been reduced by up to HK$20,000, while child allowances will be raised to HK$100,000 from the current HK$70,00, the Wall Street Journal said.
Singapore has also attempted to boost retirement plans with moves to encourage higher contribution rates to the Central Provident Fund – a compulsory savings plan for Singaporean workers - by middle-income earners, and increased interest rates for older citizens to boost low savings balances.
The next election in Singapore does not need to be held before January 2017, but Reuters reports speculation that it may be called soon, after Singapore's 50th anniversary of independence in August.